Fayum portraits

Fayum portraits often show thick strokes not applied with a brush. These strokes supposedly painted with fused wax using a hot tool, can be reproduced with cold wax-and-soap encaustic applied with a palette-knife. Above, Portrait of a young woman, encaustic on wood, 32 x 18 cm. End of 3rd century. Antinoé(?), Egypt. Musée du Louvre. Photo: Antiquité Tardive. Below, replica carried out by the artist Pedro Cuní Bravo using water soluble encaustic applied with a palette knife and with some brush strokes in eyes, ear and background around it.